About Connecticut

The state of Connecticut is named after the major US river the Connecticut River which bisects the state. The state is nestled in the northeastern part of US between New England and the metropolitan New York regions. The capital of Connecticut is the city of Hartford. Majority of the population of the state is found in Cheshire in New Haven County.

State Nickname

The current constitution of Connecticut was adopted in the year 1965. The state has several nicknames like: The Constitution State, The Nutmeg State, The Provisions State and The Land of Steady Habits.

Climate Summary

Interior Connecticut experiences humid continental climate whereas the state shoreline experiences humid subtropical climate. The average winter temperature ranges from -1 degree Celsius to -5 degree Celsius. The average temperature in summer ranges from 27 degree Celsius to 31 degree Celsius. The average rainfall of Connecticut ranges from 64 to 254cms.

State Tax Situation

In the year 1991, the income tax system of Connecticut was changed from investment-only to a system in which the taxes on investment income and employment income were equalized. The maximum rate of interest was made 4%. The income tax rates are now divided into three brackets of 3%, 5% and 3.5%.

Government Summary

Connecticut's state constitution comprises of the definite three branches of government - the legislature, the executive and the judiciary. The executive branch is headed by the Governor the present one being Dan Malloy. The General Assembly forms the state legislature and is a bicameral body comprising of the State Senate and the House of Representatives. The Connecticut Supreme Court is the highest judicial authority of the state.

State Seal

The Great Seal of the State of Connecticut was adopted in 1784. The seal consists of three grapevines with a ribbon below portraying the Latin motto "SIGILLUM REIPUBLIC CONNECTICUTENSIS", meaning Seal of the State of Connecticut.

Motto & Description

The motto of the state of Connecticut is "Qui Transtulit Sustinet" and can be seen on the Great Seal of the State of Connecticut. The motto means "He who transplanted sustains".

State Flag

The state flag of Connecticut was approved by the General Assembly on September 9, 1897. It comprises of a white baroque shield with three grapevines on a field of azure blue. The state motto is found in a banner below the shield.

State Bird

The state bird of Connecticut is the American Robin. It is a migratory songbird, one of America's favorite, which is grayish in color with an orange patch on the chest.

State Flower

The Mountain Laurel is the State flower of Connecticut. It is also known as Spoonwood and is a flowering plant in the blueberry family.

State Animal

The Sperm Whale is the state animal of Connecticut and was conferred the title in 1975. This federal endangered animal played a significant role in the history of the state too.

State Song And Description

The state song of Connecticut is Yankee Doodle. There are many versions and many verses of Yankee Doodle which makes it difficult for others to follow.

State Colors

Blue, white, golden, silver and brown colors are associated with the state of Connecticut. They are featured on the state flag. A gold and silver rimmed shield consists of the three grapevines whereas a gold and brown rimmed white ribbon under the shield represents the state's motto.